One of the most famous and widespread distance learning management systems is LMS Moodle (Modular Object-Oriented Dynamic Learning Environment). Moodle is a successfully operating and continuously developing project, the organizer and ideologist of which is Martin Dougiamos from Australia.

The First Version Of The LMS Software System

system was released in August 2002, by the time this book was published, another, significantly improved version 1.9 learning management system software Moodle was released as open source software, under the GPL license (the user has the right to copy, modify and distribute the program, as well as guarantee these rights for users of derivative programs).

Currently, on the basis of the Moodle system, distance learning is organized in many of the largest universities in the world, from 193 countries. The program has been translated into more than 75 languages, including Russian. There are more than 250 sites of educational institutions on the Russian-language Internet that run on the Moodle software. The Moodle system provides the following opportunities for distance learning developers:

 Placement on the course of educational materials of any format: text materials, drawings, graphics, audio and video files, presentations, etc.

 Organization of an environment for interactive communication between the Teacher and students, corresponding to the spirit of the pedagogy of social constructivism – holding discussions and debates, joint creative activity of
students to create an intellectual product.

 Creation of an effective knowledge control system: assignments, surveys, tests, lectures, seminars. The presence of control parameters allows the developer to fine-tune the conditions of control or training.

 Differentiated work with students in groups – by class, by level of preparedness. Each educational element of the Moodle system is designed to teach students in heterogeneous groups.

 Continuous monitoring of all student activities, informing about upcoming events. Moodle features interesting for IT professionals:

 Moodle is cross-platform and runs without modification on any operating system that supports PHP.

 Moodle functions as a set of modules and allows the flexibility to add or remove elements at various levels. The appearance of the site is easily controlled using a set of predefined templates, which can be supplemented with your own designs.

 Moodle is easily updated from version to version. It has an internal system for updating its own base and restoring.

 Moodle requires only one SQL database and can be shared with other applications.


 Particular attention is paid to security issues at all levels, from validation of data entered using forms, to encryption of cookies. Why has the popularity of the Moodle system taken on such a massive scale? This can be explained by the following factors:

 Ease of installation and configuration of the program, independence from the operating system of the server and focus on free software.

 A convenient, intuitive interface of the program allows users with a low level of computer literacy to create distance courses. As practice shows, the main features of the system can be studied within a few days.

 A set of modules included in the standard delivery provides the ability to create distance courses of any complexity, in various fields of knowledge. The developer community is constantly expanding the capabilities of the system, adding new modules that can be installed as needed.

 The quality of the software is superior to most commercial products, distance learning systems. And the openness of the source code allows qualified specialists to customize the system for the specific needs of an educational institution.

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